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The Ancient Egypt Page

Ever since I was in the seventh grade I've been interested in almost everything about Ancient Egypt. Because of this I have created this page where I can write about if and put some links to some of the interesting content available on the web about this subject. I hope you will find some of the same interest and fascination that I do.

The Ancient Egyptian civilization lasted for more than three thousand years which makes it the longest lasting of any human civilization. While there were some changes over that period of time the Ancient Egyptians still managed to retain most of their political and social systems during that entire period of time. It was only with the advent of Rome and Christianity that the culture changed.

With more than three thousand years of history Ancient Eqypt had many periods of acendency and decline. Egyptologists have assigned names to some of these periods which allow us to easily track the period of time we are talking about.

Archaic Period

The Archaic period is the first three dynasties of historical Ancient Egypt. It is during this time that most of the customs, institutions, and artistic conventions used in Egypt for the next 3,000 years were formed.

Old Kingdom

The Old Kingdom was the first full flowering of the Ancient Egyptian culture in all its grandeur and majesty. It is during this period the largest and best of the pyramids were built, including the famous 3 at Giza. The Old Kingdom consists of dynasties 4 - 6.

4th Dynasty Pharaohs

  1. Sneferu
  2. Kufu (Cheops)
  3. Radjedef
  4. Kafre
  5. Menkaure
  6. Shepseskaf

5th Dynasty Pharaohs

  1. Userkaf
  2. Sahura
  3. Neferirikara Kakai
  4. Shepseskara Isi
  5. Raneferef
  6. Nyuserra
  7. Menkauhor Akauhor
  8. Djedkara Isesi
  9. Unas

6th Dynasty Pharaohs

  1. Teti
  2. Userkara
  3. Pepi I
  4. Merenere
  5. Pepi II

First Intermediate Period

At the end of the 6th dynasty the monarchy collapsed and Egypt fell into a time of chaos and disorder. The poweer of the Pharaoh declined and soon the country was split into several warring parts each of which had its own ruler claiming to be Pharaoh.

Middle Kingdom

The Middle Kingdom consists of the 11th and 12th dynasties.

At around 2050 B.C. the Pharaoh Mentuhotep II of the 11th dynasty in the city of No-Amun (Thebes) began a series of wars to unify the country. Eventually conquering the rival 10th dynasty in Herakleopolis the whole of Egypt was again under the rule of a single government. This marked the start of what Egyptologists call the Middle Kingdom.

12th Dynasty Pharaohs

  1. Amenemhet I
  2. Senworseret I
  3. Amenemhet II
  4. Senworseret II
  5. Senworseret III
  6. Amenemhat III
  7. Amenemhet IV

Second Intermediate Period

At the end of the 12th dynasty the power of the Pharaoh began to weaken and the country soon fell into another period of anarchy we now call the Second Intermediate Period.

New Kingdom

The New Kingdom represents Ancient Egypt at the hight of it's power in the ancient world and consists of the 18th through 20th dynasties. The famous Pharaoh Tutankamen was a minor Pharaoh near the end of the 18th dynasty.

18th Dynasty Pharaohs:

  1. Ahmose I
  2. Amenhotep I
  3. Thutmose I
  4. Thutmose II
  5. Hatshepsut
  6. Thutmose III
  7. Thutmose III was probably one of the best Pharaohs in Ancient Egypt.

  8. Amenhotep II
  9. Thutmose IV
  10. Amenhotep III
  11. Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV)
  12. Smenkara
  13. Tutankamun
  14. Ay
  15. Horemheb

The 19th dynasty never quite reached the same level as the 18th and as the dynasty progressed an element of decay became apparent. This was especially true after the reign of Ramsses II.

19th Dynasty Pharaohs:

  1. Ramesses I
  2. Seti I
  3. Ramesses II
  4. Merenptah
  5. Seti II
  6. Amenmose
  7. Siptah
  8. Tawesret

20th Dynasty Pharaohs

  1. Sethnakht
  2. Ramesses III
  3. Ramesses IV
  4. Ramesses V
  5. Ramesses VI
  6. Ramesses VII
  7. Ramesses VIII
  8. Ramesses IX
  9. Ramesses X
  10. Ramesses XI

Third Intermediate Period

At the end of the 20th dynasty Egypt again fell into disarray as the Pharaoh became weak and ineffective.

Late Period

The Late period is a time of up and down in Egypt's fortunes, with periods when Egypt was independent and fairly prosperous, and others when Egypt was controlled by the Nubians, Assyrians, and Persians. Mostly Egypt during this time was limited to its own borders.

Ptolemaic Period

When Alexander the Great, who had conquered Egypt, died his empire was divided among his generals. Egypt fell under the rule of a general named Ptolemy and Egypt was ruled by his decendants until Cleopatra VII commited suicide to end their dynasty and usher in the Roman Period.

Roman Period

After the death of Cleopatra VII Egypt became a province of the of the Roman Empire ruled by a governor appointed by the emperor.

Modern Period

I'm not really that interested in the period after the Roman Period so I won't write much about it here.