Ever since I was in the seventh grade I've been interested in almost everything
about Ancient Egypt. Because of this I have created this page where I can write about
if and put some links to some of the interesting content available on the web about this
subject. I hope you will find some of the same interest and fascination that I do.
The Ancient Egyptian civilization lasted for more than three thousand years which
makes it the longest lasting of any human civilization. While there were some changes over
that period of time the Ancient Egyptians still managed to retain most of their political
and social systems during that entire period of time. It was only with the advent of Rome
and Christianity that the culture changed.
With more than three thousand years of history Ancient Eqypt had many periods
of acendency and decline. Egyptologists have assigned names to some of these periods
which allow us to easily track the period of time we are talking about.
The Archaic period is the first three dynasties of historical Ancient Egypt. It is
during this time that most of the customs, institutions, and artistic conventions used in
Egypt for the next 3,000 years were formed.
The Old Kingdom was the first full flowering of the Ancient Egyptian culture in all its
grandeur and majesty. It is during this period the largest and best of the pyramids were built,
including the famous 3 at Giza. The Old Kingdom consists of dynasties 4 - 6.
4th Dynasty Pharaohs
5th Dynasty Pharaohs
- Kufu (Cheops)
6th Dynasty Pharaohs
- Neferirikara Kakai
- Shepseskara Isi
- Menkauhor Akauhor
- Djedkara Isesi
At the end of the 6th dynasty the monarchy collapsed and Egypt fell into a time of chaos and
disorder. The poweer of the Pharaoh declined and soon the country was split into several warring
parts each of which had its own ruler claiming to be Pharaoh.
- Pepi I
- Pepi II
The Middle Kingdom consists of the 11th and 12th dynasties.
At around 2050 B.C. the Pharaoh Mentuhotep II
of the 11th dynasty in the city of No-Amun (Thebes) began a series of wars to unify the country.
Eventually conquering the rival 10th dynasty in Herakleopolis the whole of Egypt was again under
the rule of a single government. This marked the start of what Egyptologists call the Middle Kingdom.
12th Dynasty Pharaohs
At the end of the 12th dynasty the power of the Pharaoh began to weaken and the country soon
fell into another period of anarchy we now call the Second Intermediate Period.
- Amenemhet I
- Senworseret I
- Amenemhet II
- Senworseret II
- Senworseret III
- Amenemhat III
- Amenemhet IV
The New Kingdom represents Ancient Egypt at the hight of it's power in the ancient world and
consists of the 18th through 20th dynasties. The famous Pharaoh Tutankamen was a minor Pharaoh near
the end of the 18th dynasty.
18th Dynasty Pharaohs:
The 19th dynasty never quite reached the same level as the 18th and as the dynasty progressed an element of decay became
apparent. This was especially true after the reign of Ramsses II.
19th Dynasty Pharaohs:
- Ahmose I
- Amenhotep I
- Thutmose I
- Thutmose II
- Thutmose III
Thutmose III was probably one of the best Pharaohs in Ancient Egypt.
- Amenhotep II
- Thutmose IV
- Amenhotep III
- Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV)
20th Dynasty Pharaohs
- Ramesses I
- Seti I
- Ramesses II
- Seti II
At the end of the 20th dynasty Egypt again fell into disarray as the Pharaoh became weak and
- Ramesses III
- Ramesses IV
- Ramesses V
- Ramesses VI
- Ramesses VII
- Ramesses VIII
- Ramesses IX
- Ramesses X
- Ramesses XI
The Late period is a time of up and down in Egypt's fortunes, with periods when Egypt was independent
and fairly prosperous, and others when Egypt was controlled by the Nubians, Assyrians, and Persians. Mostly
Egypt during this time was limited to its own borders.
When Alexander the Great, who had conquered Egypt, died his empire was divided among his generals.
Egypt fell under the rule of a general named Ptolemy and Egypt was ruled by his decendants until
Cleopatra VII commited suicide to end their dynasty and usher in the Roman Period.
After the death of Cleopatra VII Egypt became a province of the of the Roman Empire ruled by a
governor appointed by the emperor.
I'm not really that interested in the period after the Roman Period so I won't write much about it